Deuteronomy 32:8-9 When the Most High divided to the nations their inheritance, when he separated the sons of Adam, he set the bounds of the people according to the number of the children of Israel. For the Lord’s portion is his people; Jacob is the lot of his inheritance.
King David of Israel was a warlike monarch who dramatically expanded Israel’s borders and influence. His territory of direct reign reached from the border of Egypt’s domain on the west to the Euphrates River on the East (I Chronicles 18:3). King David’s campaign to expand Israel’s borders was an exceedingly bloody one. The Bible reveals that he slaughtered many thousands in the process of conquering the kingdoms of the Philistines, Moabites, Ammonites, Edomites and the Syrians (the Aramaeans). According to II Samuel 8:2, he actually lined up the defeated Moabites (most likely the adult males) and executed two-thirds of them, leaving only one-third of them alive! In a series of battles with Syrian kings, almost 60,000 Syrians died (II Samuel 8:313 and 10:1619). While David was punished by God for attempting to number Israel’s military manpower (such an act was a step toward relying on man’s might rather than God’s), the Bible nevertheless recorded the size of Israel’s army for our information. With the tribes of Levi and Benjamin uncounted, David commanded an army of 1,570,000 soldiers (I Chronicles 21:16)!